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Frequently Asked Questions

What class of drug is pitavastatin?

Pitavastatin. Pitavastatin (usually as a calcium salt) is a member of the blood cholesterol lowering medication class of statins. Like other statins, it is an inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, the enzyme that catalyses the first step of cholesterol synthesis. It was patented in 1987 and approved for medical use in 2003.

What is the mechanism of action of cyclopropyl group in pitavastatin?

Unlike other statins, the cyclopropyl group on the pitavastatin molecule appears to divert the drug away from metabolism by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3 A4 and allows only a small degree of clinically insignificant metabolism by CYP2C9.

What is the structure of pitavastatin HMG CoA?

Pitavastatin: an overview Compared to other statins, pitavastatin is a highly potent 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor and an efficient hepatocyte low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) receptor inducer. Its characteristic structure (heptenoate as the basic structure, a core quinoline ring an …

What is the pathophysiology of pitavastatin metabolism?

The principal route of pitavastatin metabolism is glucuronidation via liver uridine 5'-diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) with subsequent formation of pitavastatin lactone. There is only minimal metabolism by the cytochrome P450 system. Pitavastatin is marginally metabolized by CYP2C9 and to a lesser extent by CYP2C8.


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