Keyword Analysis & Research: matchstick


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What is the history of Matchstick?

The modern matchstick was invented by K. Chanel, an assistant to Professor Louis Jacques Thenard in Paris in the year 1805. His invention proved to be expensive, as he used potassium chlorate, sugar, sulfur and rubber in coating the head of the match. To ignite the match, the head was dipped in sulfuric acid to produce chemical energy.

How are matchsticks made?

Typically, modern matches are made of small wooden sticks or stiff paper. One end is coated with a material that can be ignited by frictional heat generated by striking the match against a suitable surface.

What is a matchstick made from?

White pine and aspen are two common woods used for this purpose. Once the matchsticks are formed, they are soaked in ammonium phosphate, which is a fire retardant. This prevents the stick from smoldering after the match has gone out. During manufacture, the striking ends of the matchsticks are dipped in hot paraffin wax.

When was the matchstick invented?

The first successful friction match was invented in 1826 by John Walker, an English chemist and druggist from Stockton-on-Tees, County Durham.


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