astronomical unit | Definition, Conversion, & Facts
astronomical unit (AU, or au), a unit of length effectively equal to the average, or mean, distance between Earth and the Sun, defined as 149,597,870.7 km (92,955,807.3 miles). Alternately, it can be considered the length of the semimajor axis—i.e., the length of half of the maximum diameter—of Earth’s elliptical orbit around the Sun. The astronomical unit provides a convenient way to ...
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